Bridging psychological type and depth psychology

Editors: Carol Shumate, Mark Hunziker, Jenny Soper, Lori Green, and Olivia Ireland (Art Editor)

Next Issue: December

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Personality Type in Depth Contact Information

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History and Mission

The idea for Personality Type in Depth grew out of an online conversation between Carol Shumate and Mark Hunziker about the need for a publication that bridges the gap between personality type and depth psychology. Its first issue was published in the fall of 2010, and Jenny Soper joined the editorial team in 2016. In 2017, we welcomed Chris Ross and Lori Green, as well as Olivia Ireland as design consultant. Subscription is free, and all issues are accessible online, with no membership fees or advertising. The journal provides a platform where type practitioners and Jungians can interact; where authors can put forth ideas and theories that are not necessarily fully formed or polished; and where researchers, theorists, and professionals from diverse fields can share insights and innovations. Article submissions are welcome from any individual regardless of credentials and on any topic that sheds new light on the relevance of depth typology to contemporary life.


Carol Shumate, PhD (ENFP), the publisher of Personality Type in Depth, teaches the course on psychological type at Pacifica Graduate Institute of Analytical Psychology.

Carol Shumate, PhD (ENFP), publisher and founding editor, teaches the course on psychological type at Pacifica Graduate Institute. Previously, she co-taught classes with psychiatrist and Jungian analyst John Beebe, MD, whose model she uses in teaching, coaching, and assessment. She has also taught in humanities departments at the University of Connecticut, at Eastern Connecticut State University, and at Yale University, and she has edited publications in humanities, science, law, and medicine. At Type Resources, Inc., with Bob McAlpine and Amy Evers, she led the design and research that went into the Function-Archetype™ Decoder, a software tool that reports how each type tends to express the eight functions and their corresponding archetypes according to the eight-function model, and she also co-developed the first eight-function webinars with McAlpine and Evers. This material will be published in her forthcoming book with Routledge, whose title is Projection and Personality Development via the Eight-Function Model.

Personality Type in Depth's Mark Hunziker (INTJ) is a teacher, coach, consultant, and author who specializes in team building and personal development.

Mark Hunziker (INTJ) is a teacher, coach, consultant, and author who specializes in team building and personal development. His new book, Depth Typology: C. G. Jung, Isabel Myers, John Beebe and the Guide Map to Becoming Who We Are (2016), has received enthusiastic endorsements from Jungian analysts and personality type practitioners alike. His 2006 book, Building Blocks of Personality Type coauthored with Leona Haas, is a staple of personality type training programs. He is the founder of Wellness Resources of Vermont, through which he provides coaching and counseling services to individuals and training and human resource development assistance to businesses, government agencies, and nonprofits of all sizes. Mark is a certified personality type Master Practitioner, has served as Health and Wellness Interest Area Consultant to the Association for Psychological Type International, and has trained fellow type professionals and presented before many business and professional organizations.

Jenny SoperJenny Soper (INFJ) has an honors degree in English from the University of Manchester in the U.K., where she worked as a career counselor with adolescents and young adults. Her editing skills are considerable, and she has a deep knowledge of Jung scholarship and psychological type. A licensed professional counselor in North Carolina, she introduced psychological type to Wake Tech Community College in Raleigh over twenty-five years ago. As a result, the use of psychological type as a tool to identify and enhance student learning styles has spread to the College’s five campuses, and now the 23,000 students there are exposed to Jung’s typology. Jenny tutors students in the Individualized Learning Centers at the college, helping them improve their writing through the use of psychological type. She has published in both Personality Type in Depth and the APTi Bulletin, and she specializes in the intersection of psychological type and Bloom’s taxonomy.

Personality Type in Depth's Lori Green (INFJ) is an author, speaker, and consultant who uses a Jungian model to help individuals discover emotional wellbeing and live more soulfully. 

Lori Green (INFJ) is an author, speaker, and consultant who uses a Jungian model to help individuals discover emotional wellbeing and live more soulfully.  A former high school English teacher, she joined the PTD editorial board in 2018 after completing her Master’s at Pacifica Graduate Institute in depth psychology. Lori’s enthusiasm for teaching is evident in a variety of online courses she has created around such depth psychological topics as dreams, archetypes, and meditative practices for engaging the psyche’s language of symbol and image. Her recent book, Outlier: The Moon as Guide to Source and Stillness, is now a year-long digital course as well. She is developing a series that explores how the court cards of the archetypal tarot link to the sixteen personality types. Lori’s current project is an e-course that explores the intersection of depth psychology and the quantum field through the imagery of Alice in Wonderland (

Art Editor:
Olivia Ireland (ENFP), champions innate creativity as the operative principle in personal healing, growth, and transformation. An affiliate Open Studio Process facilitator, her life’s work is to support people courageously, skillfully, and creatively engaging with their own life experience through joyful creative expression, and she can be found online on Facebook and Instagram. Based now in Washington state, she has extensive, wide-ranging training in a multitude of creative fields over the past twenty-five years, including writing, art and design, somatics, and depth psychology. She holds a Harvard degree in the humanities and creative writing, is a certified advanced Soma Neuromuscular Integration somatic practitioner, and earned a Master’s degree in Jungian and archetypal psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute, where she conducted research on imaginative and mythological approaches to chronic stress. Professionally trained in graphic and architectural design, color theory, fine art and applied arts, and art history, she is also versed in digital photography, videography, and web design.

Contributing Editor:
Christopher RossChristopher Ross, PhD (ENTJ), is a clinical psychologist in private practice in Waterloo, Ontario specializing in psychotherapy and psychotherapy supervision. He is Emeritus Associate Professor in Psychology and Religion in the Department of Religion and Culture of Wilfrid Laurier University, and adjunct faculty at Martin Luther University College. Chris coauthored Personality, Religion and Leadership: The Spiritual Dimensions of Psychological Type Theory with Leslie Francis.