Bridging psychological type and depth psychology

Editors: Carol Shumate, Mark Hunziker, Jenny Soper, Christopher Ross, Lori Green, and Olivia Ireland (Art Editor)

Next Issue: March

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History and Mission

The idea for Personality Type in Depth grew out of an online conversation between Carol Shumate and Mark Hunziker about the need for a publication that bridges the gap between personality type and depth psychology. Its first issue was published in the fall of 2010, and Jenny Soper joined the editorial team in 2016. In 2017, we welcomed Chris Ross and Lori Green, as well as Olivia Ireland as design consultant. Subscription is free, and all issues are accessible online, with no membership fees or advertising. The journal provides a platform where type practitioners and Jungians can interact; where authors can put forth ideas and theories that are not necessarily fully formed or polished; and where researchers, theorists, and professionals from diverse fields can share insights and innovations. Article submissions are welcome from any individual regardless of credentials and on any topic that sheds new light on the relevance of depth typology to contemporary life.


Carol ShumateCarol Shumate, PhD (ENFP), the publisher of the journal, teaches the course on psychological type at Pacifica Graduate Institute of Analytical Psychology. She has co-taught classes with psychiatrist and Jungian analyst John Beebe, MD, whose model she uses in teaching, coaching, and assessment. At Type Resources, Inc., with Bob McAlpine and Amy Evers, she led the design and research that went into the Function-Archetype™ Decoder, a software tool that reports how each type tends to express the eight functions and to experience Beebe’s archetypes, and also co-developed the original archetype webinars with McAlpine and Evers. Carol taught writing and humanities at the University of Connecticut, at ECSU, and at Yale University, and spent many years as managing editor for publications in humanities, science, law, and medicine. She is currently at work on a guide to the Beebe model called Jung’s Eightfold Way, and two books on the trickster archetype, with which she says she has become all too familiar.


Mark Hunziker (INTJ) is a teacher, coach, consultant, and author who specializes in team building and personal development. His new book, Depth Typology: C. G. Jung, Isabel Myers, John Beebe and the Guide Map to Becoming Who We Are (2016), has received enthusiastic endorsements from Jungian analysts and personality type practitioners alike. His 2006 book, Building Blocks of Personality Type coauthored with Leona Haas, is a staple of personality type training programs. He is the founder of Wellness Resources of Vermont, through which he provides coaching and counseling services to individuals and training and human resource development assistance to businesses, government agencies, and nonprofits of all sizes. Mark is a certified personality type Master Practitioner, has served as Health and Wellness Interest Area Consultant to the Association for Psychological Type International, and has trained fellow type professionals and presented before many business and professional organizations.

Jenny Soper

Jenny Soper (INFJ) has an honors degree in English from the University of Manchester in the U.K., where she worked as a career counselor with adolescents and young adults. Her editing skills are considerable, and she has a deep knowledge of Jung scholarship and psychological type. A licensed professional counselor in North Carolina, she introduced psychological type to Wake Tech Community College in Raleigh over twenty-five years ago. As a result, the use of psychological type as a tool to identify and enhance student learning styles has spread to the College’s five campuses, and now the 23,000 students there are exposed to Jung’s typology. Jenny tutors students in the Individualized Learning Centers at the college, helping them improve their writing through the use of psychological type. She has published in both Personality Type in Depth and the APTi Bulletin, and she specializes in the intersection of psychological type and Bloom’s taxonomy.

Lori Green, MA (INFJ), is a life coach and business consultant who uses a Jungian model to help individuals reduce stress and attain emotional wellbeing. A former high school English teacher, she recently completed her Master’s at Pacifica Graduate Institute in Depth Psychology with an emphasis in Jungian and Archetypal Studies. She teaches awareness practice and meditation, as well as the power of story and the gifts of typological perspective, to at-risk youth.  She also gives workshops on stress reduction and mindfulness meditation to staff at Sheridan Memorial Hospital. Finally, she works with businesses to help their employees handle stress. The goal of her writing and consulting is to make symbol and image more accessible to individuals in order to facilitate the discovery of what awareness masters call “the place of no thought.” Her current writing project is a multi-genre meditation on the cycles of the moon.

Art Editor:
Olivia Ireland, MA (ENFP), holds a Harvard degree in the humanities and creative writing. Professionally trained in graphic and architectural design, color theory, fine art and applied arts, and art history, she is also versed in photographic and videographic production and web design. Based now in Washington state, she has engaged in a multitude of creative fields over the past twenty-five years. She has earned professional licenses as a secondary school educator and Soma Neuromuscular Integration practitioner, practices as an affiliate Open Studio Process facilitator, and is the proud parent to two individualistic teens.  She champions natural creativity as the operative principle in a healthy life. She also holds a Master’s degree in Jungian and archetypal psychology from Pacifica Graduate Institute, where she conducted research on imaginative and mythological approaches to chronic stress. Her life’s work is to hold space for those wisdom traditions which foster courageous, skillful, and creative engagement with all of life’s experiences.

Contributing Editor:
Christopher Ross, PhD (ENTJ), is a clinical psychologist in private practice in Waterloo, Ontario specializing in psychotherapy and psychotherapy supervision. He is Emeritus Associate Professor in Psychology and Religion in the Department of Religion and Culture of Wilfrid Laurier University, and adjunct faculty at Martin Luther University College where he teaches “Faiths in Psychological Perspective” for the BA Global Citizenship and Christianity Program, and “Mindfulness and Psychotherapy” and “A Survey of Asian Wisdom Traditions” for the MA Program in Spiritual Care and Psychotherapy. His book, coauthored with Leslie Francis, Personality, Religion and Leadership: The Spiritual Dimensions of Psychological Type Theory is forthcoming in December 2019 with Lexington Books. Christopher has assessed manuscripts for Brill, Leiden, Hooland, and Oxford University Press. He recalls walking home from his grammar school in South London where he lived as child with a copy of Michael Fordham’s Introduction to Analytical Psychology in his hand, and puzzling over the difference between intuition and feeling. Years later he is still puzzling.